What is Sinusitis ?

Sinusitis

Inflammation of the sinuses (cavities filled with air) around the nose.
Sinusitis usually involves atomistic sinuses located between the two eyes, and upper jaw sinuses that are present in the bone of the species.
Germs that produce sinusitis are contagious.

Common Symptoms

1.Early stages

Nasal congestion with greenish-yellowish secretion (and sometimes bloody veins) Feel the pressure inside the head – Pain in the eyes –
A headache that worsens in the morning or when bending forward. –
The pain of the species that may be similar to toothache –
Nasal discharge Coughing (sometimes) that is usually without sputum.
Sleep disorder (sometimes) Fever (sometimes)

2.In advanced stages

Complete sinus duct obstruction, accumulation of secretions within the sinus and progressive pain

Reasons

Infection usually begins with a common cold or other upper respiratory tract infections.
This infection may be complicated by a bacterial invasion that naturally lives in the nose or throat.
Irritation of the airways of the nose due to allergies, smoking, severe sneezing with closed mouth, exposure to cold, swimming (especially jumping into the water without nasal passage) and fatigue

Risk Factores

– Immunosuppressive
– drugs
– Smoking Exposure to cold and damp outside air and dry heat inside the house. Contact with other patients in public places Disabling the immune system caused by illness or medication Spill in polluted water

Prevention

Immediate treatment of respiratory infections

Expected outcomes

It can usually be treated with severe treatment.
It is common to relapse.

Possible complications

Meningitis or brain abscess (rarely)
Bone marrow or bone marrow (rarely)

Treatment

Diagnostic tests (depending on the severity and severity of the infection) may include blood tests, secretion culture, endoscopy, radiography or sinus CT scans.
Home treatment is aimed at improving drainage and infection control.
Use a cool steam vaporizer to facilitate drainage and drainage. Clean the moisturizer every day.
For infants and young children who are not able to nasal discharge,
use a syringe to drain secretions from both nasal holes before using nasal drops. Dissolve the nasal discharge again after ten minutes after pouring nasal drops.
Use damp heat (for example, eating) for sinus and nose to relieve pain. Others should not use nasal drops because they may have contaminated the infection. After the remainder of the treatment, throw away the drops.
Avoid taking drops or sprays without prescribing your doctor.
Take prescribed drops only for the recommended period. These drops can interfere with the normal function of the nose and the sinuses and cause dependence in such a way as to cause a backward phenomenon (the return of symptoms with a cut).
Surgery may be necessary to discharge blocked sinuses in cases where sinusitis does not respond to other treatments.

-There are several surgical procedures depending on the location of the infection.

Stay tight at home and in the same place if the infection is severe.

Medicines

Nasal sprays, nasal drops, or antipyretic drugs may be prescribed to reduce congestion.
Antibiotics to deal with infection
For mild pain, over-the-counter medications such as acetaminophen may be sufficient.

Activity

Gradually resume your natural activities. Exercise may help cleanse the secretions.

Diet

A special diet is not needed, but increase fluid intake to help dilute the secretions.

Refer to your doctor in this situation

If you or any of your family members have symptoms of sinusitis.
Incidence of the following during treatment:
Fever, nosebleed, severe headache Face swelling (forehead, eyes, nose or species)

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