Rashitism or bone softness is a bone disease in children that causes weakening of the bones, parotid legs and deformities in the limbs.
For these reasons, calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D are not adequately supplied to bone production for some reason.
Who is more at risk?
The following people are more likely to develop bone softness than others:
Breast milk does not have much vitamin D, so if a baby has only been breastfed for a long time and does not use vitamin D supplementation, it may be at risk for rickets.
Low calcium intake
Non-exposure to sunlight: Vitamin D is produced in human skin and exposed to sunlight. So the inadequate sunlight can be the cause of rashitism.
Those with dark skin require more light to build vitamin D, and are more exposed to vitamin D deficiency in low light.
Those who are susceptible to lactose can be at risk for dying due to inadequate intake of dairy products.
Symptoms of rickets or bone softness
The most important ones are drowsiness, muscle weakness and muscle weakness, growth retardation, prenatal pains and wrists.
In severe cases, the shape of the baby’s chest may change.
Seizures are also symptoms of severe illness. The doctor, after examining the patient, uses bone radiography and blood tests to help diagnose.
Bone Softness Treatment
Treatment of this disease is due to the administration of calcium and vitamin D. It usually takes several months to reach the normal state of the patient. Many organ deformities, such as parasitic foot, are well-suited to self-medication. In severe cases of bone deformity, surgery may be required for treatment. However, some bone deformities that occur in the pelvis or chest, or the patient’s chronic problems, may remain forever for him.
Prevention of rickets
The following measures can prevent many cases of disease:
In children who are breast-feeding only, they should take vitamin D daily in the form of a supplemental drop. If a nursing mother consumes more vitamin D, she will increase her milk intake.
Children need to take two glasses of milk a day. This amount should increase by 3 to 5 glasses in adolescents.
In children who are allergic to milk, they should give calcium as a supplement to the baby.
Osteomalacia occurs in adults, which is manifested as a general reduction in bone density and fungal fracture, especially in the spine, thigh and arm.
Age group 10 to 20 years
Enrich your bone marrow by storing calcium through proper nutrition. The bones of adolescents seem to have been made to absorb calcium. Bones of adolescents are for absorbing and using calcium. In bones, scaffolds of the protein are first made microscopically, and then these scaffolds are filled with and filled with calcium. The bones are then dense. In these years, you need at least 1200 milligrams of calcium per day to build strong bones
Try to drink 3 glasses of milk daily instead of all kinds of beverages. Also use other sources of calcium (such as yogurt, cheese and vegetables with a dark green leaf).
Age group 20 to 35 years old
Bones are not easily made at this age, but will reach their maximum strength. Exercising is important in these years and you need to get enough calcium through a proper diet.
Exercises in which the legs endure the body weight, such as walking, squatting, etc., play an important role in building tight bones.
Age group 35 to 50 years
Bone density may gradually decrease in these ages, so at this stage of life, getting enough calcium and exercise to maintain bone strength is essential. Most women are postmenopausal at age 55-42. If you have an irregular menstrual period before or symptoms of menopause, check with your doctor about osteoporosis.
The age group is over 50 years old
Women entering the menopause may lose 1 to 6 parts per 100 parts per year of their bone strength each year. Getting enough calcium and exercise is still important, so you should try to get enough sun exposure and get the right vitamin D. Take a walk at least 20 minutes a day and three times a week. Some people need diet and calcium supplements that they need to consult a dietitian and their physician.