Renal Vascular and Glomerular Diseases

Renal Vascular and Glomerular The renal vasculature includes the renal artery and sits major branches, the specialized glomerular capillary bed, and the renal veins. Each of these vascular divisions may contribute to distinct clinical syndromes. Glomerular disease rarely causes local symptoms; it is more likely detected by the presence of either edema or hypertension, the … Continue reading “Renal Vascular and Glomerular Diseases”

Mechanisms of Arrhythmogenesis

Arrhythmias If a microelectrode is introduced into a single myocardial cell, an action potential (Figure 1) can between the inside and the outside of the cell (inside negative). The resting membrane potential of a normal Purkinje cell is approximately – 90 millivolts (mv) with respect to the outside of the cell. When the membrane potential … Continue reading “Mechanisms of Arrhythmogenesis”

what is Cryotherapy ?

Cryotherapy or cryosurgery Cryotherapy or cryosurgery is one of the common methods for treating skin lesions that can be performed on an outpatient basis. This method is based on the destruction of target cells with their sudden cooling and is used for a wide range of skin problems. In many cases, cryotherapy of a lesion … Continue reading “what is Cryotherapy ?”