what is Glaucoma or black water disease ?
It means an increase in intraocular pressure, which can damage the vision nerve and result in permanent blindness. It should be noted that some types of blackheads can have no symptoms until the end of the disease, and when a person becomes aware of his illness, many of his nerve fields have disappeared, and his vision has been severely and irreversibly lost. Therefore, early detection of black water and timely initiation of therapy will be key to preventing disease progression and reducing patient’s vision.
In the eye, there is always a clear liquid that is called anuscultaea, and this fluid is removed from the location where the angle (the cornea is called the iris). If there is an obstruction or an obstacle to the way out of the fluid in the eye and the acne can not easily be removed from the eye, then the intraocular pressure will rise.
Black water diseases
Generally, black water disease is categorized into two angular and closed angles. An open-angle glaucoma is called the name from which the angle from which the fluid is released is “open.” However, due to unclear reasons, the drainage is slowly taking place. The slow motion of the acne causes it to accumulate and the intraocular pressure rises.
In closed angle glaucoma; due to severe angina or blockage, the alkaline fluid can not be removed from the eye. In these patients, there is a sudden and very high increase in the pressure of the eye. This increase in pressure can damage the vision nerve and reduce vision in a very short time. Open angle glaucoma does not have a specific mark at first. Natural vision and no pain or discomfort.
As the illness continues, the patient’s eyesight is slowly restrained and narrower, but the central vision is preserved until the final stages of the disease. For this reason, the patient can not understand his condition at an early stage. In the absence of treatment; in the end stages, the patient suddenly realizes that his / her peripheral vision is very limited; just as if he is looking around from a gun tube. As the disease progresses, the remaining vision in the center also disappears and the patient becomes blind.
On the contrary; glaucoma with a closed angle is usually very tumultuous and with severe symptoms of eye pain; nausea; headache; reddening of the eye; and blurred vision that appears suddenly; it indicates that it is an emergency and the patient should be treated promptly To be treated. If left untreated, the patient may be blinded for a short time. The other type of disease can be present at birth or, gradually, at an early age, which is called congenital black water.
Affected children usually have clear symptoms such as corneal enlargement, gray and cloudy cornea, light sensitivity, and severe lacrimation. Black water can also be followed by some eye surgeries, such as congenital cataracts, after eye damage, some eye tumors, following intraocular inflammation, diabetes, or some medications (corticosteroids). Early and timely detection of black water disease: If your age is over forty years, you should consult an ophthalmologist and get at least a brief notice of your pressure (black water means abnormal high blood pressure).
It should be noted that some diseases can also increase the risk of black water. The headache of these diseases is diabetes and hypertension. In the eyes with high myopia, the risk of black water is higher. If you find someone with a family history and relatives (high blood pressure), try to be sure of the state of your eyesight as soon as possible. Because the risk of black water is higher in those with a history of the disease.
If you find someone with a family history and relatives (high blood pressure), try to be sure of the state of your eyesight as soon as possible. Because the risk of black water is higher in those with a history of the disease. If one of your parents or siblings has black water, the chance of getting into your eye will be 20 percent. If for any reason you are using corticosteroids (oral, injectable, inhaler, or drip), you should be aware of your eye pressure during treatment.
Because taking any kind of corticosteroid for about one week to up to ten days in some people can lead to increased eye pressure and permanent and irreversible damage to the eyes of the optic nerve. If you have already undergone congenital cataract surgery, it’s best to check your doctor’s eye level for every visit (at least once a year for many years).
The goal is to treat blackheads; reduce intraocular pressure by various methods such as drug therapy; laser therapy; surgery; or a combination of these methods is selected by the physician depending on the type and severity of the disease. It should be kept in mind that black water treatment can never be overcome and can not compensate for previous damage and, in the best of circumstances, can only prevent further damage.
Permanent change of eye color